Basics Of Share Market

Stock market: What do you need to know?

Indian investors have a lot of options. Fixed deposits could be a good option. To protect your loved one's financial future, you could purchase an insurance plan. You may choose to invest in retirement funds like the Provident Fund and pension funds. You might consider investing in government bonds if you are more educated. You could also consider investing in real estate and gold if you have some spare money. These are very popular investments among Indian investors. There is an alternative option, however. Market-based investments such as shares or mutual are worth looking into.


When investing, evaluate if your money grows as fast as it can. Is inflation eroding your capital? Recognize that inflation can hinder your efforts to build wealth for the long-term. How can you fight it? Start by reexamining the terms'saving' or 'investing. They can be used interchangeably but they have different meanings.

Imagine that you have your money in a safe place, such as a savings account or locker. It either doesn't grow or it grows at a minimal rate. This indicates that you have not fully utilized your money. Let's say you invest your money in insurance. While the policy will protect your family in case of an unfortunate event, it will not bring you any good returns.

Both insurance and savings are essential. You should also consider investing in an instrument that has the potential to combat inflation. Only then can you truly invest to secure your financial future. Creating a financial planing is difficult, but it's possible to do so by doing your research. You have many options for investing in gold, real estate, or pension funds. You can also invest in stock markets.


The stock market allows buyers and sellers to trade and invest in shares of listed companies. A company must first sell its shares through an initial public offering (IPO) before it can list on the stock exchange. The company will then be listed on the stock exchange and can sell its shares on the exchange.

Stock market investments are very profitable, and can bring inflation-adjusted return. There is no single solution. Different investors have different strategies when investing here. You can use a variety of strategies to invest here: short-term or long-term, options trading , intraday trades, and futures trading . Before you make the plunge, learn more about the share market.


During an IPO, companies sell their shares to the public to raise capital for different business purposes. Companies use the money for expansion, purchasing machinery, debt reduction, etc.

Continue reading. Learn more about the IPO process and reasons why companies go public.


The laws of supply-demand affect share prices. The purchase price of a stock is the new market price when it's purchased from a seller. The price fluctuates throughout the trading day. If there are lots of buyers, it is more likely that the stock price will rise, particularly if the supply is low. However, it is possible for the stock price to fall if there are many sellers looking to sell their stock, but not enough buyers.


A registered broker at a stock trading platform like Bombay Stock Exchange, National Stock Exchange (NSE) can help you purchase securities and shares. You only need to open trading and demat accounts with the broker. To invest in shares, you need a trading account.

A majority of registered brokers will allow you to open both accounts simultaneously. Let's take a look at how account opening works.

  • Complete the form to open an account.
  • Send copies of all required documents, such as Aadhaar card and PAN card. Also, provide proof of address, proof to identity, and proof that you have income. You should also submit passport-sized photos.Learn more: What documents are required to open a demat bank account
  • A copy of the rules will be provided by the registered broker. It includes the details of your agreement as well as the charges you will be charged.
  • A representative will be sent by the registered broker to verify in person. This is to verify that all documents you submitted during account opening are genuine.
  • After processing your application successfully, you will receive your account number as well as a client ID. Log in to your account.


You become a shareholder in a company and its part-owner. You get certain benefits as a shareholder:

  • Dividends Companies pay dividends from their profits to shareholders. Share market investors are in high demand for stocks that pay regular dividends.
  • Bonus shares Sometimes, companies will give bonus shares to shareholders without additional cost. These shares are a part of the company's earnings.
  • Share purchase: Sometimes, companies with extra funds or who want to consolidate their company ownership might buy back shares from shareholders. The price at which shares are purchased is slightly higher than the current market price.

Share market investors seek capital appreciation to maximize their shareholdings' benefits. Investors can enjoy significant gains over the long-term if they choose shares that are well-chosen.


What shares should you sell or buy? Market capitalisation (marketcap) is one approach. This refers to the company's total market value. Simply multiply the current market price of one share by the number of outstanding shares to calculate. Based on market capital, stocks are broken down into three main categories:

Large Cap Stocks

These are companies with a long history. They are usually well-established and have a strong market presence. These stocks often pay steady dividends. They also have a low stock price that does not fluctuate in times of volatility.

Mid Cap Stocks

Although these companies are more risky than large-cap firms, they have the potential to grow over time. Investors will enjoy significant capital appreciation if these stocks do well. They might not be as steady in volatile markets.

Small-cap Stocks

This category includes most start-ups. These start-ups are highly risky as they could be forced to close their doors by market turmoil. However, small-caps can provide huge returns on stock investments when they do well.

Continue reading. Explore the features and benefits of large-cap mutal fund as well as small-cap mutual funds.


  • Begin by selecting a few stocks to study the price movements. Before you invest, consult an expert if you're a beginner.

    Learn more: Learn about the stocks quotes and how they help.
  • Rumours are not a good basis for making decisions in the stock market. Rumours can cause panic and lead to poor stock market decisions.
  • Monitor your portfolio's performance. This will allow you to eliminate risky or loss-making stocks.
  • The keys to success in stock market are patience and discipline. To achieve the best results, you should have an investment strategy and be careful with it.
  • Stay informed with the latest share market news. You can keep up with economic news that impacts the companies you invested in by following the news.This will enable you to make informed decisions.


SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) regulates India's share markets. SEBI is responsible to create a regulatory framework that protects investors and shareholders. SEBI regulations make the stock market more transparent and allow it to function smoothly. SEBI ensures that stock exchanges are free from any malpractices that could harm shareholders.


Modern technology has made it easier to invest in stocks of companies. Investors have the ability to access trading platforms from their smartphones or computers, allowing them to invest in stocks anywhere they are. To join the action, open a account with a trusted registered broker such as Kotak Securities. Transactions and transfers can be done quickly and easily because everything is electronically handled. You can also get stock recommendations and timely reports to assist you in your trading decisions.

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