Basics Of Share Market

Broker: Who they are, their functions and many more

What is a broker?

Brokers, also known as trading members, play a crucial role in the stock market. They are responsible for executing transactions, such as buying and selling stocks for their clients. They charge a brokerage fee in return.

Stock market brokers also offer other services. Portfolio management and financial advice are two examples. Brokers offer traders and investors multiple ways to access the stock exchange online.


Brokerage firms represented clients on the stock exchange floor back when they were physically located. They were the legal representatives of customers and executed buy-sell orders according to the instructions of the clients.

Stock exchange brokers are members registered. They must also comply with all regulations set forth by SEBI, India's Securities and Exchange Board of India. Learn more about stockbrokers India.

India today has an online stock market that is dematerialized. Stockbrokers still perform the same function: executing orders for their clients. However, the venue has moved digitally.


  • Order execution Online brokers execute trading orders for their clients. The brokerage charges a commission for this service. The brokerage may charge a flat fee or a percentage of transaction value.
  • Trading Platforms: It is vital to have multiple platforms from which clients can place orders. Many of the larger brokers offer trading software and apps for tablets, smartphones, and laptops. You can also trade and invest by phone or chat.
  • Investment advisory: Both new and experienced investors rely on stock recommendations from their broker. Stockbrokers must disclose all information about a stock when they recommend it, including the risks.
  • Margin Financing:Traders with large brokerage accounts can use Margin Funding Facilities. This basically means that the broker borrows funds to increase market positions.

The licenses required to perform stockbroking functions must be obtained by the firm. They must register with SEBI to become members of a stock exchange.


An investor in stocks or trader may look into three types of brokers: full service brokers, discount brokers and robo-advisers.

1. Full-service broker

Full-service brokers offer a wide range of services to their clients. Full-service brokers usually have offices in major cities, where they can meet with clients face to face. These brokers provide personalised support for investors with different interests, varying levels of knowledge and require a tailored brokerage plan. Large clients may even be able to hire dedicated service managers to manage their portfolios.

Full-service brokers can also offer financial advice and educational materials. They may also offer stock recommendations that are tailored to your brokerage plan. They must also disclose any potential risks that may be associated with stock tips. These brokers often have market research teams that compile market research reports. These reports can be accessed by customers to gain research-based insight. Customers can view live market data and news, as well as opt for SMS market alerts.

Full-service brokers charge 0.3% to 0.5% commission per trade. This is a higher price. The wide variety of products and services available can make it worthwhile. You can find out more.

2. 2.

Full-service brokers offer a wide range of services. Discount brokers are focused on the basics. Although discount brokers can execute buy and sell orders on behalf of their clients, they do not offer additional services. They also charge a lower commission. Sometimes, the transaction charge can be as low at Rs 10

How can discount brokers keep their fees 'discounted? They may not require too many physical setups since they only provide transactional services. Their operational costs are kept low by this. These brokers work mainly via online platforms.

These services can be beneficial for experienced investors looking to cut costs. However, they lack advisory, research, or customised services. This can be a disadvantage. For those new to investing in stock markets, these brokers might not be the best choice.

3. Robo-advisers

Robo-advisers can be described as automated digital platforms that offer financial planning services online. They work with algorithms to provide financial advice and need very little supervision. How does it work? To find out more about the client's financial situation and goals, they complete an online survey. This data is used by the robo-adviser to provide investment advice.

Robo-advisers are often cheaper than discount brokers. A flat fee is charged by many of these advisors, which can range from 0.2% to 0.5% of the client's account balance. Also, the opening balances can be very low. You can also reach the robo-adviser anytime via an internet-connected device. You don't even need to visit their office. In just a few clicks, you can begin transacting.

Your investment options might be limited. This is because robo-advisers primarily deal in mutual funds.


Expectations will vary depending on which brokerage firm you choose. Let's now focus on the differences.

  • Tailored Service:

    - Full-service brokerages are the most customer-oriented. They offer research-based market insight and alerts, financial advice, portfolio management and other services.

    Discount brokers are more focused on the transactional experience.

    - Robo-advisers offer investment advice through an automated algorithm.

  • Presence:

    - Full-service brokers can have an online presence as well as physical offices that allow for face-to-face interactions.

    Discount brokers are limited to a handful of physical locations. They operate mostly online or by telephone.

    - Robo-advisers can be accessed online only.

  • Asset classes:

    Full-service brokers allow trades in multiple asset types. These include stocks, bonds and derivatives.

    Discount brokers only allow mutual fund and stock investment.

    - Robo-advisers deal primarily in mutual funds.

  • Prices:

    Brokerage fees for full-service brokers are usually 0.3-0.5% per trade.

    Regardless of transaction value, some discount brokers may charge as low as Rs 10 per trade

    Robo-advisers are the most cost-effective. Annual fees can range from 0.2% up to 0.5% of the client's account balance.


It should be your top priority to find a brokerage company that meets both your financial and personal needs. During your selection process, keep these points in mind.

1. View customer reviews: Although individual opinions may not be objective, it is worth reading user reviews. Sometimes, a pattern emerges. The comments can provide information that isn't otherwise available if you carefully examine them.

2. Review past performance: Past performance is not always a guide to the future. However, if a company has not performed well in the past you should be cautious. You can do extensive research on Indian stockbrokers. Compare the performance and financial reports of different broker agencies online. Seek out reviews and financial papers to see if there are any rankings.

3. Get feedback: Ask your family and friends about their experiences with a broker. Keep in mind, however, that every person's inputs are influenced by their personal perceptions and preferences.

4. Brokerage fees: Every stockbroker has a set brokerage fee. A full-service broker charges a higher fee than robo-advisers and discount brokers but offers more services. Before you choose a broker, compare the fees and features available.


You will need Demat and trading accounts if you want to trade and invest in the stock exchange. You have many options. There are two types of accounts: a standalone trading account and a trading account. A 2-in-1 account combines both. It all depends on your needs. A discount broker could be a good option if you have a solid understanding of the market. You might be a novice in the stock exchange and require guidance at each step. Perhaps you don't have the time or desire to conduct market research and find suitable trading opportunities. A full-service broker, which offers educational resources and deep research insights, would be more suitable for your needs in both of these cases.

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