Basics Of Share Market

Why do you need to investment in Share Market: Learn all the important facts about it



To build wealth over the long term, we invest in shares. Although shares are often viewed as a risky investment, there have been many studies that show that investing in the right shares over a longer period (five to ten years) can produce inflation-beating returns and be a better option than gold and real estate.

When investing in shares markets, people also use short-term strategies. Although shares are volatile for a short time, traders can make quick profits by investing in the right shares.

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Stockbrokers used to gather around Banyan trees in order to trade stocks. They couldn't move from one place to the next as the number of brokers grew and the streets became overcrowded. They finally moved to Dalal Street in 1854. This is where the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), the oldest stock exchange of Asia, is located. It was also India's first stock market and has played an important part in Indian stock markets ever since. The BSE Sensex is still a key indicator of Indian finance and economy.

You may have heard that Indian share market prices are at an all-time high.

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) was established in 1993. Within a short time, trading on both exchanges changed from an open-outcry system to an automatic trading environment.

This is a sign that Indian stock market have a long history. It can seem overwhelming, especially if you are looking to invest in the share market. Once you get started, the investment basics will not seem so complicated. Financial planning is one of the most important aspects of investment fundamentals.



Shares are traded or issued in a share market.

A stock market is very similar to a stock market. A stock market allows you to trade financial instruments such as bonds, mutual funds, derivatives, and shares of companies.  In Share market Only shares can be traded.

The stock exchange is the key element. It provides all the necessary facilities to trade stocks and securities. Only stocks that are listed on exchanges can be purchased or sold. It is therefore the place where stock buyers and sellers meet. India's most renowned stock exchanges include the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange.

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There are two types of SHARE MARKETS: PRIMARY and SECOND.

Primary Market:

This is where a company is registered to issue shares or raise funds. This is also known as being listed on a stock exchange.

To raise capital, a company must enter primary markets. An IPO is when a company sells shares for the first-time.

Secondary Market:

These shares can be traded on the secondary market once new securities have been purchased in the primary market. Investors can sell shares or exit investments by trading in the secondary market. Secondary market transactions refer to trades in which one investor purchases shares from another investor at the current market price or at any price agreed upon by the parties.

Normally, such transactions are conducted by investors through an intermediary, such as a broker. The broker facilitates the process. Different brokers offer different plans.


To invest in the share market, you will first need to open a trading and demat account. To facilitate the transfer of money or shares, this trading and demat account must be linked to your savings. Demat and trading accounts are distinct.

We offer a variety of trading tools for buying and selling shares to suit our diverse set of investors and traders:

Online Trade: Take control of your stock investment decisions. You can invest online in the share market with ease and convenience thanks to our robust online trading system. Log in to your trading account with your User ID, Password, and Security Key/Access Code.


Here are the four most important financial instruments that can be traded on Stock market.
1. Bonds
2. 2.
3. Derivatives
4. Mutual Fund

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To undertake projects, companies need to raise money. The money they earn from the project is then repaid. Bonds are one way to raise funds. A loan is a borrowing agreement that a bank makes to a company in return for regular interest payments. Similar to a loan, a bond is a borrowing from multiple investors to make timely interest payments.

Imagine, for example, that you are looking to start a business that will earn money within two years. You will need to start the project. You borrow the funds from a friend. The receipt states that you owe Rs 1 lakh to repay the principal loan amount over five years. Each year thereafter, you will pay a 5% annual interest. This receipt is proof that your friend has purchased a bond by lending money. You agree to pay the 5% interest at the end each year and the principal amount of Rs 1. lakh at the end the fifth year.

A bond can be used to invest money and lend money to others. It is also known as a debt instrument. It will display the face value of the bonds you are investing in, which is the amount of money borrowed. The coupon rate or yield, which is the interest rate the borrower must pay, and the coupon or interest payments. The maturity date is the time when the money has to be repaid.

Secondary Market:

Another place to raise money is investing in the share market. Companies issue shares in exchange for money. A share is like holding a percentage of the company. These shares can then be traded on the Indian stock market. Take the example above. Your project is successful, so you want to expand.

You now sell half your company to your brother, for Rs 50,000. This transaction is written. My brother will purchase 50 shares at Rs 50,000. Your brother just purchased 50% of your stock. Now he is a shareholder. Let's say your brother needs Rs 50,000 immediately. The brother can either sell the share or get the money on the secondary market. This could be worth more or less than Rs 50,000. It is therefore considered to be a more risky instrument.

Thus, shares are a certificate of ownership for a corporation. As a stockholder, your share of the profits and losses of a company is equal. Your stock value will rise as the company continues to do well.

Mutual Funds

These investment vehicles allow you to invest indirectly in the share market and bonds. This pooled money is then used to invest the funds in financial instruments. A professional fund manager manages this process.

Each mutual fund scheme issues units. These units have the same value as a share. You become a unit-holder when you invest. As a unit-holder, money is earned when the MF scheme invests funds in instruments.

This can be achieved either by increasing the unit's value or through the distribution dividends, money to all unit-holders.


Stocks and other financial instruments are subject to constant fluctuations in value. It is then quite difficult to set a price. Here are some useful tools: derivatives instruments

These instruments allow you to trade in the future at a fixed price. You enter into an agreement to buy or sell shares or other instruments at a fixed price.


It is risky to invest in the share market. To protect investors, they must be regulated. Since 1988, when India's Government established the Security and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), it has been responsible for overseeing the primary and secondary markets. The SEBI Act 1992 gave SEBI its independence. This was within a very short time.

SEBI is responsible for both the development and regulation markets. It is regularly updated with comprehensive regulatory measures that aim to ensure end investors have safe and transparent securities transactions.

Its primary objectives are:

  • Protecting investors' interests in stocks
  • Promotion of the stock exchange's development
  • Regulating the stock exchange

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