Basics Of Share Market

Confused about Brokerage Firms? Here is the full details about them

What Are Brokerage Firms?

Brokerage firms are a link between clients and the stock market. They are primarily responsible for buying and selling financial products on behalf of clients. Brokers work together to assist their clients in navigating the stock market.

These companies perform important functions.

  • They facilitate transactions on the stock market by connecting buyers/sellers of financial securities.
  • They are often able to handle all paperwork necessary for clients to legally make trades.

Brokerage firms charge a commission for each trade they perform. The brokerage fees are the commission. This is typically a percentage of the transaction value.


  • Brokerage firms that offer full-service services

    Full-service brokerage firms provide a variety of services.

    • They assist clients in buying and selling financial securities on the stock market.
    • These allow you to access a variety of asset classes. These include stocks, bonds, forex, commodities and other derivatives.
    • They provide a range of advisory and research services. They typically have an entire research and analysis team.
    • Clients can visit their physical offices or branches.
    • The commissions for the many services offered are quite high.
  • Brokerage firms that offer discounts

    A discount brokerage firm can be described as a stripped-down version of a full service broker.

    • They don't have many offices. They manage their operations from a centralised hub and use the telephone to reach customers.
    • Brokerage fees are very low, which is a perk.
  • Authorized Person

    An Authorized Person acts for a brokerage firm and is its franchisee. Authorized Person must be registered with the Exchanges (BSE and NSE etc.) in order to perform this function.

    • Authorized Person can funnel business from customers into the larger entity.
    • They are unable to execute trades by themselves.
    • They can access the investment proposals and research materials of the brokerage firm that they represent.
  • Robo-advisers

    Robo-advisers allow customers to manage their portfolios using software products that do not require them to consult a broker. Here's how they work.

    • They create a financial portfolio that is based on each client's investment goals. They can automatically rebalance portfolios as needed.
    • They offer financial services at reasonable rates.
    • Customers must provide details about their income and taxes to ensure the best possible results.


After a customer signs up for a brokerage firm they must open three types of accounts:

  • A bank account This account is required to transfer funds to or from your trading account for the purchase and sale of securities.
  • Demat account This account stores all of your shares electronically.
  • Trading account This account is used to place orders for financial securities.

Customers may have a bank or Demat account. The next step is to link all accounts. This is essential in order to start trading or investing on the stock market.

Let's now consider how these accounts could be used to facilitate stock market transactions:

  • If you want to purchase securities:

    Transfer the funds from your linked bank to the trading account. The Broker will use your margin to purchase securities when executing an order. After your order is executed successfully, the shares will be credited to your Demat account.

  • If you want to sell securities

    After you place the sell order, your broker will remove the shares from the Demat account and sell them on the exchange. If the order is successful, the shares will be taken from your Demat account. The sale proceeds will then be credited to you trading account. The proceeds can be transferred back to your bank account.

Brokerage firms offer bundles to make it easier for investors and traders to trade. A 3-IN-1 account offered by reliable brokers like Kotak Securities, for example, allows you to have a bank account, Demat account and trading account all in one package.


To buy stock from a company, you don't need to use a broker. Stocks can be purchased directly from the company. However, there are some advantages to using the services a broker. Let's look at some of these.

  • A wide range of services available

    Brokerage firms offer a wide range of financial services to clients. These are the top offerings.

    1. Market insight and alerts: Full service brokers provide timely information and valuable tips about stock price movements. This information could be useful in helping you make better investment decisions.

    2. Brokers can help you meet regulatory requirements by filing required documents.

    3. Record-keeping: A broker keeps records of all transactions so you can quickly look up trades executed earlier.

    4. Services that add value: Full-service brokers provide additional services like portfolio management and asset management.

  • Investor protections

    SEBI oversees India's stockbroking industry. Market regulator SEBI closely monitors those who apply for a broker's license. It also monitors brokerage owners. SEBI's main goal is to protect investors' interests. It conducts rigorous monitoring before issuing a brokerage license or cancelling it.

  • Technology can be a benefit

    Technology is a key component of brokerage firms' ability to retain clients and gain new customers. These are just a few of the many ways technology makes stock trading and investing easier.

    • Online trading and demat accounts can be opened. Online channels allow you to complete Know Your Customer (KYC), formalities.
    • Brokerage firms offer advice, execute trades and conduct research. They also maintain regulatory compliance with a variety of tech-based solutions. These actions can only be performed by brokers who have IA, PMS or other SEBI licenses.
    • Apps are also being adopted by brokers as clients increasingly prefer to do transactions on their phones.
    • Multi-platform trading platforms on your smartphone, tablet, or computer make managing your portfolio easier.
    • Brokers can stay ahead of the curve by using algorithm trading. Brokerage firms can take split-second decisions in a market where everything moves at a moment's notice by using high-frequency algorithms.
    • Investors and traders both benefit from timely notifications about pending orders as well as real-time alerts regarding market events.


It is always best to invest your money through a reputable brokerage firm. There are many such companies in India. How can you narrow down your choices? These are the most important factors to consider when choosing a brokerage firm.

1. Reviews: Customer reviews are one of the best ways to learn more about a broker. Learn from other clients who have dealt with the company. You should look at both the positive as well as the negative comments. Also, make sure the reviews are genuine. Also, look for rankings and reviews on websites and financial publications that are trusted.

2. Authenticity Check that a firm is registered with SEBI before you make a decision. What should you be looking for? For example, a member code should be displayed on the firm's website for National Stock Exchange (NSE), Bombay Stock Exchange(BSE) or Multi Commodity Exchanges (MCX).

3. Reputation Choose brokerage houses with strong reputations. Market reputation cannot be built overnight. Reputable brokerages will have satisfied clients for a long time.

4. Brokerage fees: If your first time in the market is to use a full-service brokerage, it's a good idea. A discount brokerage is an option for experienced traders. Compare the fees for different brokerage services. Choose the one that suits your needs best and is most affordable.

5. Web-based trading platforms that are easy to use: Online trading portals offer instant access. Trades can take place from anywhere at any time. These platforms provide a variety of trading tools such as live streaming of market data and price charts. As you shop around for a brokerage company, make sure to compare the trading platforms available.

6. Customer service: In order to be a good brokerage, you should offer customer support via phone, email, and customized chat interfaces. They should be able to resolve any problem in the shortest turnaround time.

7. There are no hidden fees: However, some brokerage houses may impose hidden charges after the execution of a trade. Get a clear understanding of all fees and charges right from the beginning. Talk to the representatives of brokerage. Before you open an account, ask them to provide a detailed list of all charges.


It is difficult to find the right brokerage firm. If you're new to the stock exchange, it can be difficult to find the right brokerage firm. It helps you to understand your needs and your investment habits. This will allow you to identify the right brokerage partner to manage your trading activities. You will be better equipped to grow your wealth and reach your financial goals if you have the right broker on your side.

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