Basics Of Share Market

Learn how To Trade In Share Market

Although most people know that investing in the share market can help you build wealth and beat inflation is a great way to do so, many people feel overwhelmed by the complexity of the process. Although online trading has made the process easier, there are still many myths. This article is to answer your question "How to trade on the stock market?"

Process of Trading

You will also need a bank account. A broker can open trading and demat accounts. A trading account works in the same way as a bank account, but it is only used to make trades on the stock exchange. This serves as a bridge between your bank account and the trading platform/terminal. A demat account allows you to store all your shares in a digital format.


The money in the trading account is used for payment when a trader orders to purchase a stock. The digital share is saved in the demat account after the trade has been executed.

The trading account also checks the linked demat account when placing a sell order to verify that the shares being offered exist. The monies are credited into the trading account after the trade has been executed.

Stock trading

Select the right broker

Although the perfect broker for you might not be right for your trading needs, there are some key things to consider when choosing a broker.

1. You must register the broker with all stock exchanges where you wish to trade, as well as with regulatory bodies such SEBI.

2. Verify account minimums, including minimum initial deposit requirement and minimum investment requirement.

3. Make sure you select a broker that charges a low commission for the instrument you are interested in. If you are looking to invest primarily in mutual funds, then a low commission for buying individual stocks will not be of benefit to you.

4. Check the fees associated with your account. Many brokers charge a withdrawal fee. Some may charge fees if you close your account. It is important to determine if and how much of these fees are being charged.

  1. A. Annual fee
  2. b. Inactivity Fee
  3. Broker-assisted trades, such as a systematic investment program, are subject to a c. fee
  4. Fee for trading platform
  5. Extra charges for data and research
  6. Printing a paper statement: f.

5. The broker should match one's trading style with the technology requirements of his or her broker.

6. If you are able to, take advantage of any promotional offers that may be offered when opening an account.

7. See the ratings of customers.

Learn from others

To ensure you understand the market terminology, read this article. You should know the meaning of the following terms: buy, sell portfolio, quotes spread, volume yield, index, sector and volatility. Spend some time looking at financial websites and pink papers.

Practice with an online stock simulator

To learn the basics, you don't need to spend your hard-earned money. You can use any online stock simulator to practice before you start investing your hard-earned cash. This will allow you to get a feel for stock markets and help you remain calm when investing in real stock markets.

Plan your investment strategy

Identify your investment needs and create a portfolio that meets them. Next, create an investment plan that will allow you to build the portfolio over time. You know the saying, "Failing to plan is planning for failure."

Find a mentor

Your mentor should be someone you can trust. You will be able to ask questions and pinpoint the areas that need improvement. You may find that they have experienced similar situations to you as a new trader. It will be possible to learn from their mistakes and not just from your own.

Online/in-person courses

When you want to learn something new, the internet is your friend. There are many online courses that you can choose from, not only by brokers but also MOOCs provided by universities. You can choose a course that begins at your level of understanding, and then you will get better over time.

Share Market Basics

Stock market and stock exchange

A stock market is where a company's stock is traded, listed or unlisted. Indian stock markets include all stock exchanges in India, as well as all transactions that occur off-exchange.

A stock exchange is an organized market where members meet regularly to trade stock and other listed securities. This group includes both traders and agents who work for clients. The secondary market is where most trades take place. Trades involve the purchase and sale of shares by traders.

Participating in a stock market

Individual investors could interact directly with the stock exchange, which would cause enormous pressure on their systems and increase workload. All traders and investors must work with a broker who is registered with the stock exchange. They would need login credentials to be able to trade on the stock market. Trades made on this stock exchange platform could result in tax and brokerage liabilities. We've already covered the operation of trading and demat accounts.

Intraday trading vs. delivery-based

You can trade on the stock market in two ways: intraday trading or delivery-based trading. As the name implies, intraday trading is a trade that must take place within a day. This means that you must close the trade within 24 hours. You must sell the shares that you purchased on the day the market closes. The broker will automatically sell the shares if you don't sell them. This allows you trade on margins only and the shares that you purchase are kept by the broker for the day, not in your demat account.

A delivery-based investment strategy, on the other hand does not require that the positions be rearranged within the same day. You will be responsible for the full amount of the shares purchased. This is the most risk-free way to trade.

Bull & Bear Market

Bullishness is when large shares prices increase over a prolonged period. Bull markets are marked by optimism and investor confidence. They also reflect the expectation of high-quality results. It is impossible for anyone to predict the market's reaction so a bull market can only be identified with hindsight. A bull market is defined as a 20% increase from the lowest point, which is usually delineated by a 20% fall from a peak.

Bull markets are reversed by bear markets. The market is marked by widespread pessimism, declining investor confidence and a steady downward trend in share prices. Bear markets are defined by a 20% drop from peak prices. This can last for several months.

Short positions

When an investor owns stock, he is considered to be in a long position. This means the investor is confident that the stock will increase in value over time. He can also expect a profit by selling the security later and keeping the stock.

A short position, on the other hand, is when an investor sells stocks they do not yet own. Investors do this when they think the stock's value will drop and they can profit later by buying it at lower prices. An investor who is in a short position must sell at higher prices to avoid a loss. Investors can do this because all trades are settled at the end of trading days when investors take delivery.

Floor trading & electronic trading

Before digitization

India's stock market is the oldest in Asia. Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), was Asia's first stock market. Before the dematerialization, traders needed to physically be present at the listed exchanges to trade the shares they desired. If you lived far from an exchange that listed shares, it was difficult to participate in the market. Your orders were routed through several correspondent brokers to reach the correct exchange. This resulted in high transaction costs, which kept small traders from the share market and an access gap that allowed a few brokers to dominate the market.

Market manipulation was further encouraged by brokers due to the apparent conflict of interests and information imbalance. All market participants demanded reforms after Harshad Mehta's security scan was revealed. These calls were not answered by BSE and India's government created a rival stock market called the National Stock Exchange (NSE).

Online trading has been a boon

NSE was established to make it easier to participate in the stock market and to give investors equal access regardless of their location. Electronic trading was a viable option as the internet penetration was increasing in India. The NSE helped to establish the National Securities Depository Limited, India's first depository. Investors were now able to trade and hold securities digitally. This made it easy to invest and made price discovery easier. Price information was no longer a secret that was only available to select traders at the exchange, but was freely broadcast to all.

Auction market & dealer market

Matching a seller with a buyer who is willing to trade in an auction market determines the price at which a transaction can be made. After arranging the prices sellers are willing accept and buyers willing to pay in an increasing order, this matching takes place. When the selling price of the item is lower than the price of the item being traded, it is called a trade.

The dealer, on the other hand is the "market maker" in a dealer marketplace. The dealer will list the selling and buying prices they are willing support, and investors who are interested in that price can go to the dealer.

How Much Should You Invest

After you have taken into account all future liabilities and payments, surplus should be used only to invest. You should not put your savings at risk by investing in the share market. To reduce your losses, you should use stop-loss. You should also have a diverse portfolio to ensure that market shocks don’t have a devastating effect on your investments.

On What Should You Basis Your Decisions?

You should only invest in stocks that are fundamentally strong. You are not buying stock, but controlling a stake in the company that owns the stock. Ask how well the company is positioned to grow in the future, and how well they are protected against competition.

Once you've identified companies that you wish to invest in make sure that you purchase their shares at a discounted price. You make money when your shares are priced low and your sales volume is high.

Know Your Rights

Make sure you know your rights as an investor before you invest in the stock market. A shareholder can request copies of the annual reports from the company. Once approved, you would be eligible to vote at general meetings and receive dividends. You can find all the information you need on the SEBI website.

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