What is Electronic Communication Network?

What's an electronic communication network ?

ECN, or electronic communication network, is a computerized system that connects buyers and sellers by automatically placing orders for identical securities on publicly traded markets. Individual traders can trade directly between themselves and major brokerages without the need for intermediaries. Trades can be made from different locations via the electronic communication network, even if investors reside at opposite ends of this globe. ECN makes it easy to trade. Trade quickly and easily with one another.

What is an ECN?

Let's now answer the question "What is ECN?".ECN is a way for traders to connect. This means that people buying and selling the same stock can automatically be matched through this portal ECNs are computer-based systems that display the best bid and ask quotes from many market participants. ECNs automatically match traders, one ask with one offer and execute orders. ECNs can be used on major exchanges and foreign currency trading.

ECN earns its money by charging fees for each transaction in order to meet financial obligations. ECN's goal is to eliminate third parties. Brokers, for example, are usually responsible for placing orders and matching trader to trader.

This role is technically known as a market maker, or a market maker, on public exchanges and over-the-counter trading platforms. Market makers are traders who match up with each other to make sure that orders are executed fully or partially. An ECN usually limits the number of orders placed. This is partly useful if one wishes to trade safely after hours. ECN offers after-hours trading, which is a way to add security to your stocks because they are volatile.

What is an ECN?

Trades can be made outside of traditional trading hours by traders using an electronic communication system. ECN is a way for people who are unable to be active during market hours to trade. They are loved by traders who want flexibility in trading times. ECN prevents spreads from being wider than usual, which is common with traditional brokers. ECN also has lower fees and commissions. ECN offers privacy and security for traders who are concerned about their privacy. ECN is a great option for investors who want anonymity in large transactions.

Trades with ECN

To trade with an ECN, all you need is an account or a subscription to a broker that offers direct access to trading. Any subscriber can place orders into an ECN by using a custom computer terminal, or network protocol. The electronic communication network will match a buy-order to a sell-order. Subscribers will be able to see any unmatched orders. ECNs often execute orders while keeping the buyer-trader anonymous. However, transactions are recorded on trade execution reports with the ECN listed in the third party.

The Benefits of an ECN

ECNs allow for faster, easier trading around the world. ECNs allow traders to trade at their own pace, and they are able to make decisions after hours. Brokers and individuals using an ECN enjoy anonymity. ECNs offer other benefits that are less obvious. Here are some of the benefits.

ECNs may offer additional features to their subscribers. ENC brokers can have access to reserve size, negotiation, pegging and other features. ECN brokers might have access to the entire electronic communications network book, which allows them to access real-time market data. These brokers have an advantage in calculating market moves by having access to data such as the trading interest depth.


ECNs can be described as computerized portals that match contra-side orders between traders on a particular exchange or market. ECNs make trading more efficient by making it easier and faster. ECNs have one potential drawback: transactions may require a commission. This can be costly if there are many trades per day.

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