Overvalued stock: How to know?

Investors look for the intrinsic value to determine if the stock is undervalued or overvalued. The stock's intrinsic value is its perceived valuation, which could be different from current market prices. This value represents the asset's actual worth and is calculated using many factors. If the stock trades at a price higher than its intrinsic value, it is called an overvalued stock. You will be able to identify if a stock has been overvalued to avoid losing your investment.

What does it mean to overvalue a stock price?

If the stock's current market price isn't justified by its earnings projections or profit outlook, it is considered overpriced. Stocks can become overvalued by emotional or illogical trades, financial weakness or fundamental declines. Below are some reasons stocks can become too expensive.

Increase in demand - There may be an unexpected spike in stock purchases. Prices may rise above the fair price due to an increase in trading volume.

Earnings changes - Profits can drop when the economy is in decline and public spending is affected. Sometimes, however, the stock price does not reflect the new earnings level. This could lead to stock overvaluation.

Cyclical fluctuations - Some companies perform better during certain cycles. This could impact the stock price.

News coverage An unexpected rise in positive news coverage can lead to an increase in stock purchases. This could lead to stock overvaluation.

How do you know if a stock has been overvalued?

To determine if a stock has an overvalued price, traders use fundamental and technical analysis. Relative earnings analysis is one of the most popular ways to identify overvalued stocks. Here are some ways to determine if your stock has been overvalued.

1. Price-earnings Ratio

2. Ratio EV/ EBITDA

3. Ratio of sales to price

4. Price to dividend ratio

5. Ratio price/earnings growth

6. Dividend yield

7. Return of equity

Price-to-Earnings Ratio - This ratio calculates the price to earnings by multiplying the current share price with the earnings/share (EPS). This is the price an investor will pay for each rupee of earnings. If the P/E ratio for a company is 15, it means that an investor will pay Rs 15 to receive Re 1 of current earnings. A stock that has a high P/E is considered overvalued can be interpreted as such. Conversely, a stock with a low P/E could indicate undervaluation. If earnings and reviews are growing rapidly, then a company with a higher ratio of P/E may not be overvalued. When compared to other companies, P/E ratios are more efficient.

EBITDA ratio – This ratio is ideal for evaluating companies being merged or acquired. This is especially useful in the telecom, power and internet sectors where it takes years for companies to break even and make profit. They don't consider the P/E ratio a reliable measure.

The price-to-sales ratio Companies that do not have earnings, but have revenues, could use the P/S ratio as a benchmark to determine if they are worth investing in. The P/S ratio can be calculated by multiplying the current stock price with the sales per share. The sales per share are calculated by multiplying the company's total sales by the number of outstanding shares. A high P/S means that the company is expensive and a low one means that it is inexpensive.

The price dividend ratio shows how much you have to pay in order to receive Re 1. It can be used to compare the stock values of dividend-paying businesses.

The price/earnings to grow (PEG) ratio is the adjusted P/E ratio to increase. This is calculated by subtracting the company's earnings growth rates from the P/E ratio. An overvalued stock could be one with a high PEG ratio but below-average earnings.

Dividend Yield - The dividend per share is divided by the price per share. This is often used to measure stock valuation. Inversely, dividend yield and valuation are proportional. The valuation will drop if the dividend yield is greater. Stock markets favor high-dividend-paying companies so a high dividend yield should not be considered too favorable.

Return of equity (ROE - This measure the company's profitability compared to equity. An indicator that stocks are overvalued is a lower ROE. This indicates that the company cannot generate more income than the shareholders' investment.


Investors can identify overvalued and belowvalued stocks and decide which stocks to buy or sell. This will allow them to realize the true potential of each investment.

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