Difference Between Small Cap Stocks & Large Cap Stocks

Market capitalisation is an essential element of stock market trading. Anyone who wants to trade must be able to grasp the concept. The short form of capitalisation is market cap. It measures a company's total market value. It is calculated by adding the outstanding share numbers to the stock price.

If Company X trades for Rs 100 per share with 500 shares outstanding, that means its market capital is Rs 100 x 500 shares which equals Rs 50,000.

They are classified according to the market capitalization of companies that are listed on the stock exchange. Investors can use market capitalisation to compare the value of a company on the stock exchange and the risks associated with investing in these companies. Market cap helps investors to balance their portfolios by allowing them to choose stocks with different market capitalisations. This allows for adequate diversification. Investors can then balance risk and reward.

According to the Securities and Exchange Board of India, the 100 largest companies that are ranked between 1 and 100 are considered large-cap firms. Mid cap firms are those whose ranks range from 101 to 250. Small cap firms are those whose ranks are between 251 and 251.

What's the Difference between large and small cap stocks ?

Market worth:

As mentioned, the biggest distinction between large and small-cap stocks lies in their market capitalisation. The market cap for small cap stocks can reach Rs 500 crore.Large-cap stocks are those that belong to companies with a market capital exceeding 7,000 crore and can be worth Rs 20,000 crore. Small cap firms are companies that have more than 95% of their listed Indian companies. The Nifty 50 is the list of the 50 largest cap stocks in India. It lists the stocks that are most traded on the stock exchange. Blue chip stocks is another name for large cap stocks. This is because they are owned by blue chip companies, which are market leaders in their respective sectors.

Growth curve

The growth curve is another difference between small and large cap stocks/companies. Companies that are just starting to grow will have small cap stocks. These stocks could be new start-ups, or established firms. Large cap stocks are owned by companies with a track record of growth and a well-established business.

Dividend payments

Dividends are another important difference between small and large caps. Large-cap companies are more likely to pay dividends to investors from time to another. However, small cap companies have a lower chance of paying dividends. As they are growing, small cap companies might need to redirect funds for reinvestment.

Stock prices:

Pricing of stocks is also a key factor in determining the difference between small and large cap stocks. Because small cap firms have yet to be established, stocks of these companies are often priced lower than those of large cap companies. Larger cap stocks are more costly than smaller cap stocks.


Large cap stocks are a liquid investment option because there are many buyers who will buy them due to their popularity. Large cap stocks are well-known and have been on the market for a while. Because not many investors have sufficient knowledge about small cap stocks, they are less liquid and can take longer to sell.

Volatility, risk and uncertainty:

The risk and volatility elements of small cap stocks are key differences between large caps stocks and small caps. Large cap stocks tend to be more stable than smaller caps, but small caps stocks offer growth potential. Each stock, small or large, has its pros and cons. Including both can help to create a balanced portfolio.

Market presence

It is important to consider the notion of market presence when comparing small cap stocks and large cap stocks. Large cap stocks are easily trackable and have a prominent presence. Investors can easily access their financial information, which is why they are so prominent. Large-cap companies have to make their documents and statements available to the public. Small cap stocks, on the other hand may not be as well-known and may need more research to track information.

Before you invest, assess your risk tolerance

Small cap stocks are best for investors who can tolerate high risk. Large cap stocks might be better suited to those who are more cautious or have a lower risk tolerance and prefer stability. You can choose from small or large cap stocks depending on your investment style. When deciding on a market capital stock, consider your risk profile, investment goals and timeline.


Based on their market capitalisation, stocks can be classified as small, medium or large caps. Stocks with a small market capitalisation are those companies that have yet to establish themselves. These stocks are still in their infancy and at the beginning stages of their growth.

Large cap companies, on the other hand are established firms that can be market leaders in their respective sectors. These companies offer stability, are easy to monitor and research. The small caps are less well-known and investors may need to do some research before they can choose the right stock. It is better to avoid comparing small caps and large caps. Instead, look at balanced portfolios that have enough diversification and risk-reward.

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