Online Share Trading

What is Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP)?

A Tutorial To Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP)

Technical traders use volume weighted average prices to find good investments. When they need to purchase a large amount of a stock, mutual fund portfolio managers use it. In the same way, intraday traders and retail traders use VWAP for determining the future potential of stocks, and intraday traders use it to determine the average price in the market to buy stock at a price below VWAP.

This formula is known as the weighted average and is widely used by traders and analysts to calculate the demand for stock in terms of price and volume. It takes into account all orders received during the day to calculate the average value. It can be spread over one time period or several frames depending on the requirements.

VWAP can be used in many ways, but it is primarily used by portfolio managers and analysts to remove noise from price fluctuations and to determine a fair price for stocks to be bought or sold. It provides traders with an overview of the stock's trading activity during the day.

The VWAP line, or VAWP cross is an essential component of a VWAP indicator. This occurs when stock prices exceed the value-weighted median price. We will be talking more about the volume weighted average price, but let's first learn how to calculate VWAP.

It is a weighted-average, as the name implies. There are many weighted average indicators that can be used in equity trading. VWAP is just one. The following formula is used to calculate it.

VWAP = (Cumulative (Price * Volume) / (Cumulative Volume)

VWAP considers both the price and the volume of a stock. Why? Although price is the most important factor, volume can be confusing. Volume is an indicator of whether a stock is worth buying. Stocks that have high demand and a low price are good investments. If a stock's price is too high but trading volume is low, it is likely that there is no buyer.

This weighted average allows traders compare price and demand for an asset. VWAP is a daily trading indicator. It is not included in monthly or weekly trend charts.

How to Interpret A VWAP Indicator

VWAP is a key indicator for traders about the price movement of stocks like it helps them pinpoint the point in time where the momentum lies. Consider this example: A trader might be dealing with a stock which has failed to break above the VWAP line multiple times because of constant selling pressure. He may be interested in the exact moment when the stock breaks through the VWAP indicator line. Otherwise, he could end up on the wrong side market momentum if entering a short position.

Stocks below the VWAP line can be labelled 'cheap', 'of value', and traders are advised to take a position. Stock prices above the VWAP line, on the other hand, are considered 'expensive'.

How can you tell if a price is above or below the VWAP line? You can program a technical system that combines trend lines and candlestick charts. The trend line in a VWAAP chart is similar to a support or resistance line. Candlesticks are price movement.

The Moving VWAP line visually depicts stock price movements against price. It tracks VWAP at the end of each day and can be adjusted to include as many VWAPs in its timeframe.

It is important to remember that VWAP and Moving VWAP might not always work together.

Let's look at some definitions that go along with VWAP to help you better understand it.


It is a trading indicator. This happens when a stock's price crosses the VWAP Line.

Trade fill:

It is an executed order for the purchase or sale of stocks.

Typical price indicator:

It simply represents the average stock price over a given day as a line graph. It is sometimes used by traders to replace closing price in order to draw a moving average price line.


These are the steps to calculate VWAP.

  • Add the closing, high and closing prices to calculate the average price (TP) for each period. Divide it by three [(H+L+C]/3]. Each candle represents a time period, either 5-minutes or 30-minutes depending on the trader's preference.
  • Multiply the typical value (TP) with volume (V).
  • VWAP is the Typical Price x Volume divided by the cumulative volume

It calculates a volume weighted average for each data point for every period if it is done for more than one period. Moving VWAP is the sum of the different VWAP values at the end of each day and the average for all periods.

VolkswagenAP vs. Moving VWAP

VWAP is an intraday-day indicator that can be used by traders for short-term purposes. It usually lasts minutes to hours. Moving VWAP, on the other hand is better for long-term traders because it provides indicators for a longer time period.

Both VWAP and moving VWAP can be fascinating tools. The VWAP indicator, which traders can adjust in a shorter timeframe, gives traders a quick way to see if there is reversal of price.

However, traders who are following other moving trend lines, such as moving average or moving proxies, may find the moving VWAP useful for their strategy. Also, traders who use the moving VWAP are those who follow a price reversal strategy. They use a crossover strategy to do this. This means that they use a fast average to determine the trend direction when it crosses over a slower average. Moving VWAP is used to better understand price movements during price reversal trades.

Trade Strategy with VWAP

VWAP is a trading tool that follows the slope of the line. However, VWAP can be used to guide your trading strategy. To confirm a trend reversal, VWAP predictions must be consistent with other trading tools.

Here's a thumb rule for trading with VWAP:

Entering an extended position:

The VWAP moving is positively sloped and the derivative oscillator remains above zero.

Entering a brief position:

Moving VWAP is negative sloped when the derivative oscillator is below zero.

If any one of these criteria is invalid, exit trade.


VWAP is a way to understand price and volume together. It has many uses in modern trading.

Trend confirmation

VWAP is a tool that traders can use to help them understand emerging trends. Market sentiment will be indicated by whether it is rising and falling. A smooth VWAP line can be used to identify emerging trends, even if the price is volatile.

VWAP Blockout

VWAP breakout is when a stock's price rises above its VWAP indicator. This means that it beats its average price. Bullish forces in the market encourage traders to enter long positions.

Support and Resistance with VWAP

The VWAP line can also be used to determine market support and resistance levels. If a stock price starts below the VWAP level and fails to cross it, it can be considered a resistance zone. Similar to the VWAP line, a stock price that starts higher than the VWAP level and then pauses at the VWAP lines before moving back up can be considered a support area.

Use VWAP To Execute a Trade

VWAP is used to buy shares in bulk by institutional buyers without disrupting the market. What does this mean? Let's look at it using an example.

A mutual fund would like to purchase 10,000 shares of a company. If the mutual fund places an order for the block immediately, it will cause a spike in the market that the exchange will attempt to fill. This will cause the stock to rise in price and create more demand. Other traders may then buy the stock at a higher than the initial bid price from the mutual fund or sell it at a much higher price. The mutual fund will split the total demand into small amounts and use an automated trading strategy to invest. This will ensure that the price remains close to the VWAP line.


VWAP is an excellent tool for technical trading. It is used by traders to determine the best entry and exit points for the market. It helps you understand the market, price trend, demand and a point or interest. Other indicators are also used by traders that are similar to VWAP. These indicators are the Negative Volume and Positive Volume Index. These tools allow traders to gain a good understanding of market demand and trends in order to plan their trades.

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