Online Share Trading

What is Buyback of Shares?

You may be wondering what buyback of shares is. It is when a corporation purchases its shares from its shareholders. The company that previously issued shares pays some shareholders and absorbs the portion of ownership that several investors have before.

There are many reasons a company might do this. One reason could be consolidation of ownership, financial sprucing up or undervaluation.

A company that buys back shares can make it appear more financially sound, which could attract investors.

- Share buyback is a way for companies to avoid any acquisitions or takeovers.

Buying back shares can be a way for companies to recoup their equity.

Stock options are offered by many companies to employees. These companies may opt to buyback shares in order to maintain a certain number of outstanding shares.

DIvidends - Implications of buyback

Dividend payments often do not allow for a lot of flexibility. Dividends must be paid at a specific time and must be paid to all shareholders. A company can buy back shares to give it more flexibility. While dividends must be distributed to all shareholders, a buyback allows the dividend to be paid to only those shareholders who have chosen to receive it. Dividends will also require companies to pay dividend distribution tax (DDT). Investors would also have to pay additional tax if their income from dividends exceeds Rs 10 lakh.

Tax rate for buybacks is determined by the length of the security. Shareholders who give up shares to buyback would be subject to 10% tax on income earned. Short term capital gains of 15% are possible if the sale occurs within one year.

Now that you know the definition of buyback of shares, let's look at what share buyback means for shareholders and investors.

This definition of buyback of shares gives you an idea of the meaning for companies, but it also makes it attractive to investors. The buyback of shares works in this way: When a company purchases back its share, it reduces the number outstanding shares and increases the earnings per share (EPS). A shareholder who doesn't sell shares will have a higher percentage of ownership and therefore a higher EPS.

The buyback allows those who wish to sell their shares to do so at a fair price.

Investors may also be able to interpret share buyback as a sign that the company has excess cash. This means that cash flow is stable and investors can feel safe knowing that the cash was used to repay shareholders rather than invest in other assets.

Considerations to make when considering a buyback.

It is crucial to know the price of the buyback. You, as a shareholder, should know the exact price at the company for your shares to be purchased back. This will determine if you are a beneficiary of the offer.

- The premium, which is the difference between the buyback price and the share price at the time of the offer, is another factor. You can sell your shares if the premium offer exceeds the stock value or potential of the company.

- The buyback offer's size is important as it indicates how much money the company is willing and able to spend on shareholders and the company's health.

It is important to keep track of all dates involved in the buyback process. These include the date of approval, notification, opening, closing, verification of tender forms, and settlement of bids.

A shareholder should not only track all these factors but also examine the company's track record and its leadership and vision. This will allow them to make an informed decision based on extensive research.


Let's sum it up: Companies repurchase shares from existing shareholders for various reasons. These reasons include consolidating ownership, increasing investor confidence, and raising stock price.

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