How to use a Demat account?

 There are many benefits to opening a Demat account, including reduced paperwork, faster transaction settlement times, cost savings and safe holding all your investments in one spot. Many new investors don't have the right information to set up a Demat account or to purchase shares. This information may be helpful to both beginners and experienced investors.

What is a Demat Account?

A Demat account functions in a similar way to a bank account. A bank account holds money and the respective entries are made to the passbook. Demat accounts hold securities in electronic form. Credit and debit are made from these securities.

What is Demat account usage?

SEBI aggressively promoted the idea of Demat accounts since the turn of this century. There are many reasons why this is possible, including convenience, security, cost-effectiveness, and cost effectiveness. Dematerializing securities eliminates the risk of theft, mutilation, or loss of certificates. Demat accounts are also convenient and cost-effective because they eliminate the need for stamp papers.

How do I use a Demat Account?

It is very easy to open a Demat account. An investor can open a Demat account by signing up with an investment broker, or sub-broker. After opening a Demat Account, an investor must have an active internet connection. A transaction password is required.

First, you will need to select a Depository Participant (DP), who will act as an agent for the depository. The account opening form must be completed and identity, address, and passport-sized photographs must be submitted. Here is a detailed list of acceptable documents. After the investor has agreed to the terms and charges, an in person verification will be initiated. After successful processing of your application, you will receive a client ID (or an account number) after verification. Investors can use this number to access their Demat accounts online. It can be used by an investor to purchase and sell stocks and derivatives and as a stock portfolio store.

To purchase or sell shares, an investor will need a trading account as well as a stockbroker. A trading account usually shows the history of selling and buying in that account. After execution of a trade and confirmation from the exchange, it takes T+2 days to reflect credit or debit of shares in a Demat account. After the purchase amount has been paid, the broker must transfer the shares to the Demat account.

Can I trade shares with no Demat account?

To purchase shares, you must have a Demat account. Trading equity requires the delivery of shares. It is also difficult to sell or buy securities in physical form. There are fewer agents who deal in physical shares than there are buyers willing to buy physical shares. This is in contrast to those who transact in dematerialised securities.

An investor can trade commodities, currency-traded funds and derivatives without a Demat account. These types of trading don't require stocks to be delivered and can be settled in cash.

How often should I allocate shares and what is share allocation?

Investors can link Demat accounts to trading accounts to allocate shares. This allows them to see the most recent Demat holdings. It is easy to allocate shares and takes only minutes. You can allocate all shares in your Demat account once. The "Allocate Shares" option must be used to allocate shares to Demat accounts that have been credited for any market purchases or off-market purchases. The incremental shares should be allocated as often as possible. This will depend on how often you make purchases.

Important terms for Demat accounts

Let's look at some key terms that are associated with Demat accounts to help you understand how they work.

Dematerialise Securities

Investments were traditionally held in physical forms, which could be lost, stolen, or damaged. All physical certificates can now be converted to electronic forms and stored in Demat accounts.

Rematerialise Securities

Individuals can easily rematerialize their securities if the Demat holdings must be converted into physical form. To request reconversion, a rematerialization request (RRF), must be completed and submitted to the relevant depository participant (DP).

Nomination Facility

At the time of opening a Demat account, investors may identify any other person as a nominee. This allows the nominee to transfer all Demat account holdings upon the death of an account holder.


A single Demat account allows investors to invest in multiple financial products. These instruments include government securities, bonds, mutual fund, shares, and exchange-traded funds. A Demat account is also available for investments in initial public offerings or systematic investment plans.

Tracking and Monitoring

Traditional tracking and monitoring one's investments in different asset classes was difficult and time-consuming. All details can be accessed in one place with a Demat account. This makes it easy to track and monitor all investments. Investors can view balances and transactions online with NSDL's IDeAS. It is easy to register as either a Password User, Smart Card/eToken User or a Password User. After registering, you can log into your account to track your investments. This allows investors to see the profit and loss they are making. This can be very helpful in helping them make the best investment decisions.


Account holders can get periodic statements that reflect their current holdings. They have the option of receiving physical statements sent to their registered address, or electronic statements via email.

Corporate Benefits

Because it is directly linked with the bank savings accounts, receiving refunds, dividends and interest payments is much easier using a Demat account. Companies can transfer funds quickly and easily to all shareholders. This reduces related expenses.

Corporate Actions

For the benefit of investors, organisations often declare right, split, and bonus issues. The central depository and all the participants in the depository can provide information on current shareholders. All of the benefits associated with these actions are directly accessible in the investor’s Demat account.


Investors who change their address, signature or bank details do not need to notify all companies in which they have invested. These updates should be provided to the participant in the depository for updates. This will ensure that the relevant information is available to all companies.

The power of attorney

Account holders may grant a power-of-attorney (POA), to another person if required. The POA allows the person to manage the account for him or her.


All of the holdings in the Demat account may be transferred to the nominee, survivor or legal heir through a Transmission Form, in the event of the investor's death through a Transmission form.

How to open a Demat account?

Documents required for opening Demat account

Features and Benefits of Demat Account

Concepts & procedures for demat accounts

What is Dematerialization of securities?

Benefits and Advantages of Dematerialisation of shares

Check these 5 things before you open a Demat Account

Basics of Demat account

Types of Trading Accounts and Demat accounts

Low brokerage fees and low-cost discount brokerage

what is bonus shares?

Collateral margins for shares in Demat account

Difference between Dematerialisation and Rematerialisation

How to find your Demat account number and check DP ID

Transferring shares from one Demat account into another

How to Link Adhaar and a Demat account?

How do I convert physical shares into a Demat account?

How to open Demat account for minors?

How to select the best Demat account?

Charges for Demat accounts