What is the difference between open-ended and closed-ended mutual funds?

What is the difference between open-ended and closed-ended mutual funds?

Investors have hundreds of options for mutual fund schemes. These schemes are classified according to their risk profile, investment philosophy, and other factors. This will help investors make informed decisions. A mutual fund can be classified based on its structure as either an open-ended or closed-ended fund. The key difference lies in the ease and flexibility with which units can be purchased and redeemed. This article will discuss the differences between Open-Ended or Closed-Ended funds.

Let's first understand the differences between these types of funds.

Funds with open-ended investments

Investors are most familiar with open-ended mutual funds. Open-ended mutual funds are the most common type of mutual fund. These fund houses offer units to investors and can purchase them on any working day.

Investors can exit and enter the scheme at any time. They have also known as Open-Ended schemes. Units can be bought and sold at their Net Asset Value (NAV). This is calculated by multiplying the total assets by the number of remaining units.

There are some advantages and disadvantages to open-ended funds:

Advantages of Open-Ended Funds

These are some of the key benefits of open-ended programs:

  • Liquidity- Investors can purchase and sell units at any time during the NAV.
  • SIP investment- Open-Ended schemes let investors invest through a Systematic Investment Plan, (SIP), making them a great option for salaried people.
  • Evaluation of performance- This scheme is open-ended and provides information about the scheme's performance across different market cycles.
  • These facts can help you make an informed decision.

Disadvantages of Open-Ended Funds

Here are some of the disadvantages of closed-ended programs:

  • Market Resistance - The scheme's NAV fluctuates depending on the performance of its benchmark. Market risks are a risk when investing in open-ended plans.

Funds with Closed-Ended Investments

Contrary to open-ended schemes that offer unlimited units, a closed-ended plan offers investors a predetermined number of units during the NFO (New Fund Opportunity). These schemes have a fixed maturity date. Investors cannot purchase units from the fund house after the NFO period has ended. To ensure liquidity, units of closed-ended schemes are listed on stock exchanges. While the NAV is used to calculate the fund value, the NAV is not used for trading units. The unit's price is determined by its demand and supply because it is traded on the stock market. You can purchase units from closed-ended schemes at a discount or premium to their NAV.

Closed-end funds have certain advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of Close Ended Funds

These are the important benefits of closed-ended programs:

  • Fund House allows investors to plan their investments without worrying about redemptions and purchase-. Fund managers can also buy or sell units directly from the fund house based on the maturity of the fund. This means that they can design an investment strategy without having to worry about the asset base shrinking or growing. This allows fund managers to plan a more comprehensive investment strategy.
  • Opportunities for Investors- Units in a closed-ended scheme can be traded on the stock exchange at market prices that are determined by supply and demand. Investors can use similar strategies to stock trading to earn great returns.

Disadvantages of Closed Ended Funds

Here are some of the disadvantages of closed-ended programs:

  • SIP not available in all areas- At the time of receiving the NFO, you will need to make a lump-sum investment to buy units in a closed-ended scheme. Investors who do not prefer to spread their investments using the SIP method are not a fan. You could be exposed to greater risk if you invest in lump sums.
  • Evaluation of performance A closed-ended fund cannot allow redemption of units or the purchase of units before maturity. The fund house is unable to provide any track record of fund performance in different market cycles. How the scheme performs will be determined by the fund manager. It is impossible to assess the scheme's performance.

Closed-ended or open-ended?

Let's look at the differences between Open-Ended Mutual Funds and Closed-Ended Mutual Funds to answer that question.

How can I subscribe to the units?Throughout the year, on any day of the weekOnly during the NFO Period
Is the scheme subject to a maturity period?NoYes
Who provides liquidity for the units?Fund HouseStock market
Is it possible to trade units on a stock market?NoYes
How are transactions executed?At the end of the dayReal-time
What price is the unit bought and sold at?The NAVMarket prices are determined by the supply and demand for the units


We recommend mutual funds be included in your investment portfolio. Before you sign the dotted lines, make sure you have a plan that is based on your financial goals and risk preferences. Also, consider your investment horizon before making a decision about which investment vehicles to choose. You put in a lot of effort to earn the money you get. You must give your money the same chance as you work for it.

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