Some things to keep in mind before investing in equity funds.

Some things to keep in mind before investing in equity funds.

A mutual fund is a professionally managed money pool that invests in securities. There are different types of funds out there like equity funds and debt funds. Unlike subsidiaries, this type of investment typically holds stocks (i.e., shares) from various companies together as one bundle instead of an individual stock or a series thereof.

The fund manager of an equity fund defines a possible risk level and investment approach in order to generate comparable returns to the benchmark of the scheme. 

As an investor, you need to filter through the various investment options and find one that works best for you.

Before buying an equity fund, you should consider the following factors:

Choosing the right equity fund can be difficult, but here are some helpful points to remember when choosing a fund.:

1.The Size of the Fund:

is the total assets under management (AuM). While there are no definitions regarding the ideal size of a mutual fund, if it is too large or too small, the fund’s performance can get affected. One way of looking at it is by comparing AuMs with the category average.

2.Expense Ratio:

mutual fund investors will be charged management fees. In general, more trading and active funds come with higher fees than passive funds. Compare the expense ratio to the category average before investing in a mutual fund.

3. What is the risk-to-reward ratio?

The Risk-Reward ratio is the potential return you can earn for every rupee you risk investing in an equity fund. It's important to make sure that your RRR is in sync with your risk toleranthece levels to get returns worth your investment and maintain a low level of risk at all times.

4. Different Types Of Mutual Funds

There are many ways to categorize a mutual fund.:

Categories based on the purpose of the investment

  • Sectoral funds invest in a sector, so for example there could be an IT equity fund or equity mainly in the financial services industry.
  • These funds are also referred to as mutual funds. They follow a theme that dictates the type of stocks they invest in such as emerging markets, transportation, etc.
  • Focused Equity Funds are funds that invest in a certain number of stocks. According to the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), funds can buy a maximum of 30 stocks across different market caps. The market capitalizations of the companies selected have to be in sync with those specified at the time when the fund was launched

A focused equity fund is a multi-cap fund that places limits on the number of stocks it can invest in, typically no more than 30. They are less volatile and can be better in polarized markets.

  • Market cap: There are funds for all types of investors in the market with a small-cap, mid-cap, large-cap and multi-cap fund..
  • Improve the clarity: Various investment styles exist, including value and contra funds. Value funds invest in stocks that are undervalued while contra funds buy poor performing stocks.

5. Tax Considerations

ELSS funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. You can avail a tax exemption up to Rs.1.5 lakh per financial year on your annual taxable income when you invest in these funds.

6. Taxation on Investment funds

When you buy stocks in an equity fund, the profits from it are taxed as follows:


When you buy stocks in a typical stock portfolio, they are subject to taxes.

Capital gains can be beneficial

  • If the capital gains from selling a mutual fund is up to 1 lakh rupees, then there will not be any tax liability. If it exceeds 1 lakh, then the amount over and above that will incur 10% long term capital gains tax without indexation benefits..
  • The short-term capital gains tax is incurred on equity funds when units are held for an investment period of less than one year.

7. Dividends are occurrences where investor profits.

Tthe company no longer needs to bear the burden of The Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) after April 2020. However, if they pay dividends in excess of Rs.5000 per year, a 10% tax will be deducted for that particular dividend payment. This is only while paying an option on dividends alone. You must still account from the taxes

8. Planning for money goals

Because equity funds vary in risk level, investment composition, and track record, it’s important to have your financial goals clearly defined before choosing a fund. You should also look for an appropriate investment that suits your needs.

9.The fund's performance

When choosing a fund for investing, look at its performance over the past few years in relation to other funds that might be viable options. Look at those funds’ individual performances as well their comparative performance to both their benchmark and peer funds from within the same category. Consider those funds with consistent outperforming of benchmarks and peers when making your decision.

Following are the key takeaways.

  • When choosing an equity fund, experts recommend evaluating the size and previous performance of the fund before selection.
  • The expense ratio can help or hinder your returns. Make sure the fund you pick has an expense ratio close to the category average.
  • You can find a fund with a risk-reward ratio that suits your policy by doing research..
  • The type of equity fund you choose varies with your investment plan.
  • Equity Linked Savings Schemes offer tax benefits as per Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
  • You must check the tax rules before investing in equity funds for a given year.

Related Posts

New Offers

Upstox offer

Open a demat account through us and get the account opening charges waived off

open paperless account